Pajamas or pyjamas, normally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can check with a number of connected sorts of garments originating within the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting garments derived from the initial garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[one] but from time to time also for lounging, also by the two sexes. Extra frequently, pajamas may well confer with numerous clothes, for equally daywear and nightwear, derived from classic pajamas and involving variations of favor and content.
The word pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are free, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Firm rule in India.[seven][eight]
The around the world utilization of pajamas (the word as well as the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India within the 18th and 19th centuries, and the British impact on the broader Western world during the Victorian period. Pajamas were launched to England as "lounging attire" as early as the seventeenth century, then known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they shortly fell away from trend. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the very first half of the nineteenth century. They didn't become a style in Britain and the Western environment as sleeping apparel for men till the Victorian period, from about 1870.[nine]
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Terms and Phrases (1886) summarizes the state of use at some time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This type of garment is used by various folks in India e.g. by Gals of varied classes, by Sikh Adult males, and many by Mohammedans of each sexes. It absolutely was adopted within the Mohammedans by Europeans as an post of dishabille and of evening attire, and is also synonymous with Prolonged Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It is actually possible that we English took the pattern similar to a good numerous Other individuals through the Portuguese. Consequently Pyrard (c. 1610) claims, in Talking of Goa Medical center: "Ils ont force calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The phrase is now Employed in London retailers. An acquaintance furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty many years back, in reply to an issue why pyjammas experienced feet sewn on to them (as was sometimes the situation with those furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it's due to White Ants."
Classic pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers mix manufactured from soft material, such as flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket factor ordinarily incorporates a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] Lots of people decide to rest or lounge in only the pajama pants, possibly using a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Because of this, pajama trousers for guys and boys are sometimes sold as separates.
In colloquial speech, these common pajamas are sometimes known as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally known as evening satisfies.
Some pajamas characteristic a fall seat (also called a entice door or butt flap): a buttoned opening while in the seat, intended to enable the wearer to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats were being very common on pajamas manufactured ahead of the 1950s, but inside the early 20-to start pidzame with century They may be somewhat scarce.
Up to date pajamas are derived from common pajamas. There are lots of versions in model such as brief sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different duration, or, occasionally, one particular-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating many supplies. Chiefly inside the US, extend-knit snooze clothing with rib-knit trimmings are popular. Usually worn by kids, these garments frequently have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a single-piece), and can also be footed.
Despite the fact that pajamas are frequently distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments for example nightgowns, while in the US, they've got often provided the latter being a prime. Babydoll pyjamas Have a very type of brief dress major about shorts or small pants.[eighteen]
Pajamas may perhaps currently seek advice from Girls's mixture daywear, especially in the US the place they grew to become common while in the early twentieth century, consisting of limited-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight pants. Samples of these incorporate capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.